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Xtreme fluctuations in ambient temperature and long periods of rainfall [14]. Apis cerana is more industrious in collecting nectar from scattered flowers, while Apis mellifera worker has stronger foraging capacity of large flower patches [15]. Moreover, the eastern bees have evolved unique biological characteristics in resisting both wasps and the ectoparasitic mite, Varroa destructor, while most
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Xtreme fluctuations in ambient temperature and long periods of rainfall [14]. Apis cerana is more industrious in collecting nectar from scattered flowers, while Apis mellifera worker has stronger foraging capacity of large flower patches [15]. Moreover, the eastern bees have evolved unique biological characteristics in resisting both wasps and the ectoparasitic mite, Varroa destructor, while most
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Ion..........................................................................J. Bolleyn ?J. Fraczek ?V. Rogiers ?T. Vanhaecke ?M. Vinken Department of Toxicology, Centre for Pharmaceutical Research, Faculty of Medicine and Pharmacy, Vrije Universiteit Brussel, 1090 Brussels, Belgium C. Borner ?K. S. Ferreira Institute of Molecular Medicine and Cell Research, University of Freiburg, Freiburg, Germa
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Ion..........................................................................J. Bolleyn ?J. Fraczek ?V. Rogiers ?T. Vanhaecke ?M. Vinken Department of Toxicology, Centre for Pharmaceutical Research, Faculty of Medicine and Pharmacy, Vrije Universiteit Brussel, 1090 Brussels, Belgium C. Borner ?K. S. Ferreira Institute of Molecular Medicine and Cell Research, University of Freiburg, Freiburg, Germa
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Rhynchus keta) salmon juveniles. Fish Shellfish Immun 2007, 22(4):403?07.doi:10.1186/1471-2164-15-200 Cite this article as: Sutherland et al.: Comparative transcriptomics of Atlantic Salmo salar, chum Oncorhynchus keta and pink salmon O. gorbuscha during infections with salmon lice Lepeophtheirus salmonis. BMC Genomics 2014 15:200.Submit your next manuscript to BioMed Central and take full advanta
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Rhynchus keta) salmon juveniles. Fish Shellfish Immun 2007, 22(4):403?07.doi:10.1186/1471-2164-15-200 Cite this article as: Sutherland et al.: Comparative transcriptomics of Atlantic Salmo salar, chum Oncorhynchus keta and pink salmon O. gorbuscha during infections with salmon lice Lepeophtheirus salmonis. BMC Genomics 2014 15:200.Submit your next manuscript to BioMed Central and take full advanta
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Rential phenotypes or physiology. Keywords: Apis mellifera ligustica, Apis cerana cerana, Larvae, Pupae, Hemolymph, ProteomeBackground Like other arthropod insects, the honey bee has an open circulatory system containing hemolymph that surrounds its tissues [1]. Similar to the blood in vertebrates [2], the insect hemolymph plays a role in both immune defense and primary energy storage. Its defensi
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Iologist programmers. Methods Mol Biol 2000, 132:365?86. 81. Vandesompele J, De Preter K, Pattyn F, Poppe B, Van Roy N, De Paepe A, Speleman F: Accurate normalization of real-time quantitative RT-PCR data by geometric averaging of multiple internal control genes. Genome Biol 2002, 3(7). RESEARCH0034. 82. Hellemans J, Mortier G, De Paepe A, Speleman F, Vandesompele J: qBase relative quantification